Brazilian society has become one of the most urbanized in the world. At the same time, many of the more widely circulating images of the country pertain to natural landscapes. In this course we study how ideas of city and nature have been constructed in opposition and complementarity, focusing on the 18th and 19th centuries. Emphasis is placed on Lusophone engagement with "non-western" epistemologies, urbanization, and "the production of nature." Topics to include transatlantic circulation of knowledge; slavery and the natural sciences; city planning and race; literature, visual arts, and spatial imaginaries.